During World War II there was a shortage of gasoline and folks got creative about fueling automobiles. Biomass was available so autos were fitted with what were called 'gasifiers' to fuel their cars. A container is filled with wood chips or any other suitable crop waste and burned in a reduced oxygen environment to create a gas that is suitable as fuel for an internal combustion engine.
Here are some docs on the topic...
When the time comes my first project will be to gasify a 3.5kw generator. This will be a rather small gasifier and relatively easy to fabricate.
Here is a paper on energy and civilization...
Energy transitions past and future
There are a lot of good citations at the bottom.
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